troy | engleski leksikon

1. troy

imenica

Sinonimi: troy weight

A system of weights used for precious metals and gemstones; based on a 12-ounce pound and an ounce of 480 grains; SYN. troy weight.

Troy | engleski leksikon

2. Troy

imenicageografija

1. An ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War; Also called: Ilion, Ilium.
2. Borough in Pennsylvania (USA); zip code 16947.
3. City in Alabama (USA); zip code 36081.
4. City in Idaho (USA); zip code 83871.
5. City in Illinois (USA); zip code 62294.
6. City in Kansas (USA).
7. City in Michigan (USA).
8. City in Missouri (USA); zip code 63379.
9. City in Montana (USA); zip code 59935.
10. City in New York (USA).
11. City in Ohio (USA); zip code 45373.
12. City in Texas (USA); zip code 76579.
13. Town in Indiana (USA); zip code 47588.
14. Town in North Carolina (USA); zip code 27371.
15. Town in South Carolina (USA); zip code 29848.
16. Town in Tennessee (USA); zip code 38260.
(US) City in E New York, US, E of Albany on the east bank of the Hudson River; seat of Rensselear County, incorporated 1816; Industries include clothing, abrasives, metals, paper, automobile and railroad parts, and processed foods.
A Mohegan Indian fortress, it was explored by Henry Hudson 1609, granted by the Dutch East India Company as a patroonship to Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, and founded as a town 1786.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 1824 and Russell Sage College 1916 are here.(Turkey) (Latin Ilium) Ancient city (now Hissarlik in Turkey) of Asia Minor, just S of the Dardanelles, besieged in the legendary ten-year Trojan War (mid-13th century BC), as described in Homer’s Iliad. According to the legend, the city fell to the Greeks, who first used the stratagem of leaving behind, in a feigned retreat, a large wooden horse containing armed infiltrators to open the city’s gates. Believing it to be a religious offering, the Trojans took it within the walls.
Nine cities found one beneath another were originally excavated by Heinrich Schliemann from 1874–90. Recent research suggests that the seventh, sacked and burned about 1250 BC, is probably the Homeric Troy, which was succeeded by a shanty town which was sacked after 800 BC. The later city of Ilium was built on the same site in the 7th century BC, and survived to the Roman period. It has been suggested that Homer's tale of war might have a basis in fact, for example, a conflict arising from trade rivalry (Troy was on a tin trade route), which might have been triggered by such an incident as Paris running off with Helen. The wooden horse may have been a votive offering for Poseidon (whose emblem was a horse) left behind by the Greeks after an earthquake had opened breaches in the city walls.

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