(Hebrew) Law; revelation; Pentateuch.
In Judaism, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament). It contains a traditional history of the world from the Creation to the death of Moses; it also includes the Hebrew people's covenant with their one God, rules for religious observance, and guidelines for social conduct, including the Ten Commandments.
Scrolls on which the Torah is handwritten in the original Hebrew are housed in a sacred enclosure, the ark, in every synagogue, and are treated with great respect. Jews believe that by observing the guidelines laid down in the Torah, they fulfill their part of their covenant with God.