Duševni bol, tuga, seta.
ETYM French affliction, Latin afflictio, from affligere.
1. A cause of great suffering and distress.
2. A condition of suffering or distress due to ill health.
3. A state of great suffering and distress due to adversity.
The quality or state of being aggrieved.
The state of being bereaved; deprivation; esp., the loss of a relative by death.
ETYM French, from chagrin shagreen, a particular kind of rough and grained leather; also a rough fishskin used for graters and files; hence (Fig.), a gnawing, corroding grief. Related to Shagreen.
Strong feelings of embarrassment; SYN. humiliation, mortification.
Disappointment, annoyance; vexation.
ETYM French, from Latin compassio, from compati to have compassion; com- + pati to bear, suffer. Related to Patient.
1. A deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering; SYN. compassionateness.
2. The humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it; SYN. pity.
ETYM French désolation, Latin desolatio.
1. The act of desolating or laying waste; destruction of inhabitants; depopulation.
2. The state of being desolated or laid waste; ruin; solitariness; destitution; gloominess.
3. A place or country wasted and forsaken.
ETYM Old Eng. destresse, distresse, Old Fren. destresse, destrece, French détresse, Old Fren. destrecier to distress, (assumed) Late Lat. districtiare, from Latin districtus, p. p. of distringere. Related to Distrain, Stress.
(Irregular plural: distresses).
1. A strong feeling of anxiety; SYN. worry, trouble.
2. Psychological suffering; SYN. hurt, suffering.
3. The seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim; SYN. distraint.
ETYM Old Eng. dolor, dolur, dolour, French douleur, Latin dolor, from dolere. Related to Dole.
Painful grief; a poetic term; SYN. dolour.
Alternate (chiefly British) spelling for dolor.
ETYM Old Eng. grief, gref, Old Fren. grief, gref, French grief, Latin gravis heavy; akin to Greek barys, Skr. guru, Goth. kaúrus. Related to Barometer, Grave, Grieve, Gooroo.
1. Intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death); SYN. heartache, heartbreak, brokenheartedness.
2. Something that causes great unhappiness; SYN. sorrow.
ETYM AS. murnung.
State of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one; SYN. bereavement.
ETYM Old Eng. peine, French peine, from Latin poena, penalty, punishment, torment, pain.
1. A bodily sensation of acute discomfort; SYN. painful sensation.
2. A symptom of some physical hurt or disorder; SYN. hurting.
3. Emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid; SYN. painfulness.
4. A bothersome annoying person; SYN. pain in the neck, nuisance.
Sense that gives an awareness of harmful effects on or in the body. It may be triggered by stimuli such as trauma, inflammation, and heat. Pain is transmitted by specialized nerves and also has psychological components controlled by higher centers in the brain. Drugs that control pain are known as painkillers or analgesics.
A pain message to the brain travels along the sensory nerves as electrical impulses. When these reach the gap between one nerve and another, biochemistry governs whether this gap is bridged and may also either increase or decrease the attention the message receives or modify its intensity in either direction. The main type of pain transmitter is known simply as “substance p”, a neuropeptide concentrated in a certain area of the spinal cord. Substance P has been found in fish, and there is also evidence that the same substances that cause pain in humans (for example, bee venom) cause a similar reaction in insects and arachnids (for instance, spiders).
Since the sensation of pain is transmitted by separate nerves from that of fine touch, it is possible in diseases such as syringomyelia to have no sense of pain in a limb, yet maintain a normal sense of touch. Such a desensitized limb is at great risk of infection from unnoticed cuts and abrasions.
1. Sorrow aroused by circumstances beyond one's control or power to repair
2. An expression of distressing emotion (as sorrow or disappointment) plural; a note politely declining an invitation
1. Emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being; SYN. unhappiness.
2. The state of being sad; SYN. sorrow, sorrowfulness.
ETYM Old Eng. sorwe, sorewe, sorge, as. sorg, sorh; akin to Dutch zorg care, anxiety, os. sorga, Old High Germ. sorga, soraga, suorga, German sorge, Icel., Swed., and Dan. sorg, Goth. saúrga; of unknown origin.
1. An emotion of great sadness associated with loss or bereavement.
2. Sadness associated with some wrong done or some disappointment; SYN. regret, ruefulness.