ETYM as. aldormon, ealdorman; ealdor an elder + man. Related to Elder.
(Irregular plural: aldermen).
A member of a municipal legislative body (as a city council).
Anglo-Saxon term for the noble governor of a shire; after the Norman Conquest the office was replaced with that of sheriff. From the 19th century aldermen were the senior members of the borough or county councils in England and Wales, elected by the other councillors, until the abolition of the office 1974; the title is still used in the City of London, and for members of a municipal corporation in certain towns in the us.
ETYM Old Eng. cheftayn, chevetayn, Old Fren. chevetain, French capitaine, Late Lat. capitanus, from Latin caput head. Related to Captain, and see chief.
A captain, leader, or commander; a chief; the head of a troop, army, or clan. SYN. Chief; commander; leader; head. See Chief.
1. One living in an earlier period
2. One who is older; senior; an aged person
3. One having authority by virtue of age and experience
4. (religion) In the Presbyterian church, a lay member who assists the minister (or teaching elder) in running the church.
5. A person who is older than oneself; SYN. senior. Any of various church officers.
ETYM Latin, from monere. Related to Monition, Mentor.
Provides a quantitative measurement, not qualitative. It measures continuously a condition that must be kept within prescribed limits. It does not differentiate between compounds.
1. A piece of electronic equipment that keeps track of the operation of a system continuously and warns of trouble.
2. Equipment that is used to check the quality or content of electronic transmissions.
ETYM Latin praefectus, from praefectus, p. p. of praeficere to set over; prae before + facere to make: cf. French préfet.
A chief officer or chief magistrate.
French government official who, under the centralized Napoleonic system 1800–1984, was responsible for enforcing government policy in each département and région. In 1984 prefects were replaced by presidents of elected councils (see France, government).
1. Capital as contrasted with the income derived from it; SYN. corpus, principal sum.
2. The original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated.
3. The educator who has executive authority for a school; SYN. school principal, head teacher, head.
4. The major party to a financial transaction; buys and sells for his own account; SYN. dealer.