1. An extreme lack of furnishings or ornamentation; SYN. starkness.
2. The state of being unclothed and exposed (especially of a part of the body).
The quality or state of being beggarly; meanness.
ETYM Old Eng. beggerie. Related to Beggar.
A solicitation for money or food (especially in the street by an apparently penniless person); SYN. begging, mendicancy.
ETYM Late Lat. deprivatio.
1. The act of depriving, dispossessing, or bereaving; the act of deposing or divesting of some dignity.
2. The state of being deprived; privation; loss; want; bereavement.
3. The taking away from a clergyman his benefice, or other spiritual promotion or dignity.
ETYM Latin destitutio a forsaking.
A state without friends or money or prospects.
ETYM Old Eng. destresse, distresse, Old Fren. destresse, destrece, French détresse, Old Fren. destrecier to distress, (assumed) Late Lat. districtiare, from Latin districtus, p. p. of distringere. Related to Distrain, Stress.
(Irregular plural: distresses).
1. A strong feeling of anxiety; SYN. worry, trouble.
2. Psychological suffering; SYN. hurt, suffering.
3. The seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim; SYN. distraint.
ETYM Old Eng. miserie, Latin miseria, from miser wretched: cf. French misčre, Old Fren. also, miserie.
1. A feeling of intense unhappiness.
2. A state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune; SYN. wretchedness.
ETYM Old Eng. necessite, French nécessité, Latin necessitas, from necesse. Related to Necessary.
1. Anything indispensable; SYN. essential, requirement, requisite, necessary.
2. The condition of being essential or indispensable.
In economics, good or service whose consumption is seen as essential in order to maintain a minimum standard of living in a society; for example, food and shelter.
ETYM Old Eng. need, neod, nede, as. neád, nyd; akin to Dutch nood, German not, noth, Icel. nauthr, Swed. and Dan. nöd, Goth. naups.
1. A condition requiring relief; SYN. demand.
2. Anything that is necessary but lacking; SYN. want.
ETYM Latin penuria; cf. Greek, hunger: cf. French pénurie.
1. Absence of resources; want; privation; indigence; extreme poverty; destitution.
2. Penuriousness; miserliness.
3. Destitution; poverty.
1. Less than adequate.
2. The quality of being poorly made or maintained.
ETYM Old Eng. poverte, Old Fren. poverté, French pauvreté, from Latin paupertas, from pauper poor. Related to Poor.
The state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions; SYN. poorness, impoverishment.
Condition where the basic needs of human beings (shelter, food, and clothing) are not being met. Over one-fifth of the world’s population was living in extreme poverty 1995, of which around 70% were women. Nearly 12 million children die each year from poverty-related illness. There are different definitions of the standard of living considered to be the minimum adequate level (known as the poverty level). The European Union (eu) definition of poverty is an income of less than half the eu average (Ł150 a week in 1993). By this definition, there were 50 million poor in the eu 1993.
Absolute and relative poverty.
Absolute poverty, where people lack the necessary food, clothing, or shelter to survive, can be distinguished from relative poverty, which has been defined as the inability of a citizen to participate fully in economic terms in the society in which he or she lives. In many countries, absolute poverty is common and persistent, being reflected in poor nutrition, short life expectancy, and high levels of infant mortality. It may result from a country's complete lack of resources, or from inequitable distribution of wealth.
Inequality on the increase.
During the 1980s, the world's poorest 20% of people saw their share of global income reduced from 1.7% to 1.4%. In 1994, at least 1.1 billion people were subsisting on a cash income of less than $1 a day. Their total assets came to no more than $400 billion, compared with the $200 billion assets of the world's 160 billionaires.
World Summit 1995.
A plan for eradicating global poverty, creating full employment, and countering social injustice was approved at a United Nations World Summit on Social Development in Copenhagen, Denmark, March 1995. It urged industrialized nations to reduce the debt burdens of developing countries and to allocate 20% of foreign aid to basic social needs.
The quality or state of being squalid
ETYM Originally an adj, from Icel. vant, neuter of vanr lacking, deficient. Related to Wane.
In economics, the desire of consumers for material goods and services. Wants are argued to be infinite, meaning that consumers can never be satisfied with their existing standard of living but would always like to consume more goods and services. Infinite wants mean that resources have to be allocated.