Lukovičasta biljka sa tri vlaknasta žiga u cvetu, koji se upotrebljavaju kao začin, kao lek i za bojenje.
ETYM Latin, saffron, from Greek krokos; cf. Hebrew karkôm, Arabic kurkum, Skr. kunkuma.
Any plant of the genus Crocus of the iris family Iridaceae, native to Northern parts of the Old World, especially S Europe and Asia Minor. It has single yellow, purple, or white flowers and narrow, pointed leaves.
During the dry season of the year crocuses remain underground in the form of a corm, and produce fresh shoots and flowers in spring or autumn. At the end of the season of growth fresh corms are produced. Several species are cultivated as garden plants, the familiar mauve, white, and orange forms being varieties of C. vernus, C. versicolor, and C. aureus. To the same genus belongs the saffron C. sativus. The so-called autumn crocus or meadow saffron Colchicum autumnale is not a true crocus but belongs to the lily family.(Irregular plural: crocuses).
Any of numerous low-growing plants of the genus Crocus having slender grasslike leaves and white or yellow or purple flowers; native chiefly to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated.
Sinonimi: saffron crocus | Crocus sativus
ETYM Old Eng. saffran, French safran; cf. Italian zafferano, Spanish azafran, Portu. açafrăo; all from Arabic and Per. za' farân.
1. Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food; SYN. saffron crocus, Crocus sativus.
2. Dried pungent stigmas of the Old World saffron crocus.
Plant Crocus sativus of the iris family, probably native to SW Asia, and formerly widely cultivated in Europe; also the dried orange-yellow stigmas of its purple flowers, used for coloring and flavoring. orange-yellow.
Sinonimi: sassafras tree | Sassafras albidum
ETYM French sassafras (cf. Italian sassafrasso, sassafras, Spanish sasafras, salsafras, salsifrax, salsifragia, saxifragia), from Latin saxifraga saxifrage. Related to Saxifrage.
Kind of laurel and its root-bark, used medicinally.
1. Dried root bark of the sassafras tree.
2. Yellowwood tree with brittle wood and aromatic leaves and bark; source of sassafras oil; widely distributed in eastern North America; SYN. sassafras tree, Sassafras albidum.