pisaća mašina | srpsko - engleski prevod

pisaća mašina

ženski rod

Mehanički uređaj koji se koristio za štampanje likova na papiru. U eri rčaunara, smatra se zastarelim. Čak je i IBM pre mnogo godina prodao odsek za pisaće mašine.

1. typewriter


Hand-operated machine for printing written messages one character at a time.
Keyboard machine that produces characters on paper. The earliest known typewriter design was patented by Henry Mills in England 1714. However, the first practical typewriter was built 1867 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, US, by Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel Soulé. By 1873 Remington and Sons, US gunmakers, produced under contract the first typing machines for sale and 1878 patented the first with lower-case as well as upper-case (capital) letters.
The first typewriter patented by Sholes included an alphabetical layout of keys, but Remington's first commercial typewriter had the QWERTY keyboard, designed by Sholes to slow down typists who were too fast for their mechanical keyboards.
Other layouts include the Dvorak keyboard developed by John Dvorak 1932, in which the most commonly used letters are evenly distributed between left and right, and are positioned under the strongest fingers. Later developments included tabulators from about 1898, portable machines about 1907, the gradual introduction of electrical operation (allowing increased speed, since the keys are touched, not depressed), proportional spacing 1940, and the rotating typehead with stationary plates 1962. More recent typewriters work electronically, are equipped with a memory, and can be given an interface that enables them to be connected to a computer. The wordprocessor is rapidly replacing the typewriter for typing letters and text.