ETYM Old Eng. crois, croys, cros; the former from Old Fren. crois, croiz, French croix, from Latin crux; the second is perh. directly from Prov. cros, crotz. from the same Latin crux; cf. Icel. kross. Related to Crucial, Crusade, Cruise, Crux.
(Irregular plural: crosses).
1. A cross as an emblem of Christianity; used in heraldry.
2. A wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece.
3. Any affliction that causes great suffering; SYN. crown of thorns.
Symbol of the Christian religion, in widespread use since the 3rd century. It is a symbol of the crucifixion of Jesus and the central significance of his suffering, death, and resurrection. The Latin cross is the most commonly used; other types are the Greek cross, St Anthony's cross, and St Andrew's cross. Symbolic crosses were used by pre-Christian cultures, for example the ancient Egyptian ankh (St Anthony's cross with a loop at the top), symbol of life, and the swastika, used by Hindus, Buddhists, Celts, and Native Americans before it was adopted by the Nazis.
Extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; SYN. crossing, transverse, transversal, thwartwise.
ETYM Akin to Dutch markt, Old High Germ. markât, merkât, German markt.
1. The customers for a particular product or service.
2. The securities markets in the aggregate; SYN. securities industry.
3. The world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold; SYN. marketplace.
Any situation where buyers and sellers are in contact with each other. This could be a street market or it could be a world market where buyers and sellers communicate via letters, faxes, telephones, and representatives.
In a perfect or free market, there are many buyers and sellers, so that no single buyer or seller is able to influence the price of the product; there is therefore perfect competition in the market. In an imperfect market either a few buyers or sellers (or even just one) dominates the market.
1. An area in a town where a public market is set up; SYN. mart. market-place
2. The world of trade or economic activity; the everyday world
3. A sphere in which intangible values compete for acceptance
ETYM Italian, place, square, market place, Latin platea street, courtyard. Related to Place.
1. An open square in a European town, especially an Italian town.
2. (Arch.), an arcaded and roofed gallery; a portico.