ETYM French affection, Latin affectio, from afficere. Related to Affect.
A positive feeling of liking; SYN. affectionateness, fondness, tenderness, heart, warmheartedness.
ETYM Latin emovere, emotum, to remove, shake, stir up; e out + movere to move: cf. French émotion. Related to Move, Emmove.
In philosophy, a mental state of feeling, rather than thinking or knowing. In Western culture, Romanticism has encouraged the view that reason and emotion are engaged in a perpetual battle, whereas Classicism treats them as complementary aspects of being human and recommends rational reflection on which emotion is the most appropriate to feel in any particular circumstance.
Scottish 18th-century philosopher David Hume argues that reason is “the slave of the passions”, or emotions. US philosopher William James argued in the 1890s that emotional feeling arises from the behavior associated with the emotion: we feel sorry because we cry, and angry because we strike, not vice versa.
In psychology, a powerful feeling; a complex state of body and mind involving, in its bodily aspect, changes in the viscera (main internal organs) and in facial expression and posture, and in its mental aspect, heightened perception, excitement and, sometimes, disturbance of thought and judgment. The urge to action is felt and impulsive behavior may result.
As a subject area of both biology and psychology, emotion has aroused much controversy. Charles Darwin, in his book The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals 1872, argued that there are specific, fundamental emotions which are first aroused and then expressed in overt behavior. William James believed the opposite, namely that emotions actually are the feeling, or sensing, of the bodily changes as they occur when some exciting event or fact is perceived; the Danish physiologist Carl Georg Lange (1834–1900) came independently to much the same conclusion. Their theoretical position, which became known as the James–Lange theory, received considerable criticism at the start of the 20th century. More recently it has been proposed, by US psychologist Stanley Schachter and others, that the visceral changes are more or less the same for all emotions but that the quality of the feelings described—fear, joy, elation, and so on—depend on the individual’s cognitive and perceptual evaluation of whatever is new, disruptive, or inconsistent in the environment.
Any strong feeling.
ETYM Old Eng. felan.
An intuitive awareness; or.
1. The rate at which the heart beats; SYN. heart rate.
2. The rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart; SYN. pulsation, heartbeat, beat.
Impulse transmitted by the heartbeat throughout the arterial systems of vertebrates. When the heart muscle contracts, it forces blood into the aorta (the chief artery). Because the arteries are elastic, the sudden rise of pressure causes a throb or sudden swelling through them. The actual flow of the blood is about 60 cm/2 ft a second in humans. The average adult pulse rate is generally about 70 per minute. The pulse can be felt where an artery is near the surface, for example in the wrist or the neck.
Sinonimi: sense experience | sense impression | sense datum
ETYM Cf. French sensation. Related to Sensate.
1. A general feeling of excitement.
2. An unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation; SYN. sense experience, sense impression, sense datum.
ETYM Latin sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as Eng. send; cf. Old High Germ. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, German sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. French sens.
In mathematics, the orientation of a vector. Each vector has an equivalent vector of the opposite sense. The combined effect of two vectors of opposite sense is a zero vector.
(Homonym: cents, scent).
1. A general conscious awareness.
2. A natural appreciation.
3. The faculty through which the external world is apprehended; SYN. sensation, sentience, sentiency, sensory faculty.
4. The meaning of a word or expression; or.
5. What one must know in order to determine the reference of an expression; SYN. intension, connotation.
ETYM Old Eng. sentement, Old Fren. sentement, French sentiment, from Latin sentire to perceive by the senses and mind, to feel, to think. Related to Sentient.
Tender, romantic, or nostalgic feeling or emotion.
Sinonimi: sense of touch | skin senses | touch modality | cutaneous senses | touching | touch sensation | tactual sensation | tactile sensation | feeling | touching | hint | mite | pinch | jot | speck | soupcon | trace | ghost | signature | spot
ETYM Cf. French touche. Related to Touch.
Sensation produced by specialized nerve endings in the skin. Some respond to light pressure, others to heavy pressure. Temperature detection may also contribute to the overall sensation of touch. Many animals, such as nocturnal ones, rely on touch more than humans do. Some have specialized organs of touch that project from the body, such as whiskers or antennae.
(Irregular plural: touches).
1. The faculty of touch; SYN. sense of touch, skin senses, touch modality, cutaneous senses.
2. The event of something coming in contact with the body; SYN. touching.
3. The sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin; SYN. touch sensation, tactual sensation, tactile sensation, feeling.
4. The act of putting two things together with no space between them; SYN. touching.
5. A small but appreciable amount; SYN. hint, mite, pinch, jot, speck, soupcon.
6. A suggestion of some quality; SYN. trace, ghost.
7. The act of soliciting money (as a gift or loan).
8. Deftness in handling matters.
9. The feel of mechanical action.
10. A distinguishing style; SYN. signature.
11. A slight attack of illness; SYN. spot.