Bajka, pripovetka o događajima iz života natprirodnih i božanskih bića, u kojoj se ta božanska bića spuštaju na Zemlju, žive i rade kao ljudi, s kojima se često druže i zajedno s njima vrše mnoge čudnovate i junačke podvige (najlepše primere mita imamo u staroj klasičnoj, naročito grčkoj mitologiji); mitos. (grč.)
ETYM Late Lat. Related to Cabal.
An esoteric or occult matter that is traditionally secret; SYN. cabbala, cabbalah, kabala, kabbala, kabbalah.
Cabala, occult knowledge; mystery; mystical interpretation of Scriptures.
Alternative spelling of kabbala.
ETYM French, from Latin fabula, from fari to speak, say. Related to Ban, Fabulous, Fame.
A short moral story (often with animal characters); SYN. parable, allegory, apologue.
Story, in either verse or prose, in which animals or inanimate objects are given the mentality and speech of human beings to point out a moral. Fables are common in folklore and children’s literature, and range from the short fables of the ancient Greek writer Aesop to the modern novel Animal Farm by George Orwell.
Fabulists include the Roman Phaedrus, French poet La Fontaine and, in English, Geoffrey Chaucer and Jonathan Swift.
Or cabbala; Ancient esoteric Jewish mystical tradition of philosophy containing strong elements of pantheism, yet akin to neoplatonism. Kabbalistic writing reached its peak between the 13th and 16th centuries. It is largely rejected by current Judaic thought as medieval superstition, but is basic to the Hasid sect.
Among its earliest documents are the Sefir Jezirah/The Book of Creation, attributed to Rabbi Akiba (died 120). The Zohar/Book of Light was written in Aramaic in about the 13th century.
ETYM Written also mythe.
A traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people.