ETYM Old Fren. cote, French cotte, petticoat, cotte d'armes coat of arms, cotte de mailles coat of mail, Late Lat. cota, cotta, tunic, prob. of German origin.
1. An outer garment that has sleeves and covers the body from shoulder down; worn outdoors.
2. Growth of hair or wool or fur covering the body of an animal.
Sinonimi: felled seam
1. Made by turning under or folding together and stitching the seamed materials to avoid rough edges; SYN. felled seam.
2. The act of felling something (as a tree).
ETYM Old Eng. furre, Old Fren. forre, fuerre, sheath, case, of German origin.
1. A garment made of fur.
2. Dense coat of fine silky hairs on an mammals e.g. cat or seal or weasel.
3. The dressed hairy coat of a mammal; SYN. pelt.
The hair of certain animals. Fur is an excellent insulating material and so has been used as clothing, although this is vociferously criticized by many groups on humane grounds. The methods of breeding or trapping animals are often cruel. Mink, chinchilla, and sable are among the most valuable, the wild furs being finer than the farmed. Fur such as mink is made up of a soft, thick, insulating layer called underfur and a top layer of longer, lustrous guard hairs.
Furs have been worn since prehistoric times and have long been associated with status and luxury (ermine traditionally worn by royalty, for example), except by certain ethnic groups like the Inuit. The fur trade had its origin in North America, exploited by the Hudson's Bay Company from the late 17th century. The chief centers of the fur trade are New York, London, St Petersburg, and Kastoria in Greece. It is illegal to import furs or skins of endangered species listed by CITES, for example the leopard. Many synthetic fibers are widely used as substitutes.
Sinonimi: Martes zibellina | sable's hair pencil
ETYM Old Fren. sable, French zibeline sable, Late Lat. sabellum; cf. Dutch sabel, Dan. sabel, zobel, Swed. sabel, sobel, German zobel; all from Russ. sóbole.
1. Marten of North Asian forests having luxuriant dark brown fur; SYN. Martes zibellina.
2. The expensive dark brown fur of the marten.
3. A scarf (or trimming) made of sable.
4. An artist's brush made of sable hair; SYN. sable's hair pencil.
Black; dark; of a black colour in heraldry.
Marten Martes zibellina, about 50 cm/20 in long and usually brown. It is native to N Eurasian forests, but now found mainly in E Siberia. The sable has diminished in numbers because of its valuable fur, which has long attracted hunters.
Conservation measures and sable farming have been introduced to save it from extinction.
ETYM Icel. skinn; akin to Swed. skinn, Dan. skind, as. scinn, German schined to skin.
1. An outer surface (usually thin).
2. The tissue forming the hard outer layer of e.g. a fruit; SYN. rind.
3. A person's skin regarded as their life.
4. A container for liquids that is made from the skin of an animal.