Drveni duvački instrument, vrsta flaute; pronađen oko 1700. (fr.)
ETYM French clarinette, dim. of clarine, from Latin clarus. Related to Clear, Clarion.
A single-reed instrument with a straight tube.
Any of a family of single-reed woodwind instruments of cylindrical bore. In their concertos for clarinet, Mozart and Weber exploited the instrument's range of tone from the dark low register rising to brilliance, and its capacity for sustained dynamic control. The ability of the clarinet both to blend and to contrast with other instruments make it popular for chamber music and as a solo instrument. It is also heard in military and concert bands and as a jazz instrument.
The clarinet was developed from the double-reed chalumeau by German instrument-maker J C Denner about 1700 and used in the Baroque orchestra as an instrument of trumpetlike tone. In the 19th century Theobald Boehm made the essential modifications producing the modern chromatic instrument, revealed by Berlioz as having a raucous and strident side to its character in the final “Witches’ Sabbath” movement of the Symphonie Fantastique/Fantastic Symphony 1830. A broad range of clarinets remain in current use, including piccolo E flat and D, soprano B flat and A (standard orchestral clarinets), alto F (military band), B flat bass, and sinuous contrabasses in E flat and B flat, the latter virtually inaudible on its own.