datoteka | srpsko - engleski prevod

datoteka

ženski rodračunari

Sistem prikupljenih slogova na nekom od medijuma eksterne memorije (recimo na kartici, na magnetnoj traci, na magnetnom disku i sl.); u datoteci slogovi su ili proizvoljno poređani ili su memorisani u nekom zahtevanom redu; opšte karakteristike datoteke su: da ima svoju identifikaciju; da se mora kontinuirano održavati; da je neophodna njena zaštita; da se arhivira i dr.
1. Osnovna skupina podataka upisana na čvrsti disk. Datoteke mogu da sadrže programe, tekst, sirove podatke i slike. Tekstualne datoteke sastoje se samo od ASKI znakova. Binarne datoteke sastoje se od podataka upisanih u određenom formatu
2. Naziv menija sa komandama za rad sa datotekama.

1. data file

imenicaračunari

datafile

2. data set

imenicaračunari

1. A collection of related information made up of separate elements that can be treated as a unit in data handling.
2. In communications, a modem. See also modem.
data set

3. file

imenicaračunari

A set of related records or data treated as a unit.
In computing, a collection of data or a program stored in a computer’s external memory (for example, on disc). It might include anything from information on a company’s employees to a program for an adventure game. Serial files hold information as a sequence of characters, so that, to read any particular item of data, the program must read all those that precede it. Random-access files allow the required data to be reached directly.
Files usually consist of a set of records, each having a number of fields for specific items of data. For example, the file for a class of schoolchildren might have a record for each child, with five fields of data in each record, storing: (1) family name; (2) first name; (3) house name or number; (4) street name; (5) town. To find out, for example, which children live on the same street, one would look in field 4.

4. program file

imenicaračunari

A disk file that contains the executable portions of a computer program. Depending on its size and complexity, an application or other program, such as an operating system, can be stored in several different files, each containing the instructions necessary for some part of the program’s overall functioning. Compare document file.

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