Šuplje, okruglo telo, naročito vazdušni balon napunjen gasom lakšim od vazduha (aerostat); okrugla, bokasta boca za tečnosti; geogr. ćuvik, glavica; med. bešika od gume ili svile, protkane gumom, za olakšanje vršenja porođaja; balon d'ese, mala vazdušna lopta za ispitivanje pravca vetra; fig. novinski članak koji se objavljuje da bi se opipalo raspoloženje i mišljenje javnosti; balon kaptif, vezani balon, kojim se može popeti samo do izvesne visine i spustiti na mesto polaska.
Any air-borne craft, such as a hot-air balloon, that relies on the wind for propulsion.
Any lighter-than air craft; balloon
ETYM French ballon, aug. of balle ball: cf. Italian ballone. Related to Ball, Pallone.
Lighter-than-air craft that consists of a gasbag filled with gas lighter than the surrounding air and an attached basket, or gondola, for carrying passengers and/or instruments. In 1783, the first successful human ascent was in Paris, in a hot-air balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne. In 1785, a hydrogen-filled balloon designed by French physicist Jacques Charles traveled across the English Channel.
Coal gas was substituted as a cheap alternative to hydrogen in 1821, and this allowed for voyages by later 19th-century and early 20th-century explorers, scientists, and fairground performers. By the 1920s and 1930s balloons were used for high-altitude scientific research, especially before the development of high-altitude aircraft and Earth-orbiting satellites; for other kinds of research and exploration they were found to be generally unreliable, since they cannot be guided but go where the wind blows. They have become popular for sport and continue in use as instrument-only observers for meteorology, and for monitoring infrared, ultraviolet, and gamma rays.
1. Large tough non-rigid bag filled with gas or hot air.
2. Small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck.
ETYM French dame-jeanne, i.e., Lady Jane, a corruption of Arabic damajâna, damjâna, prob. from Damaghan a town in the Persian province of Khorassan, once famous for its glass works.
Large; short narrow neck; often has small handles at neck and is enclosed in wickerwork.
Large bottle having a wicker case, demi-john.
ETYM Old Eng. shelle, schelle, as. scell, scyll; akin to Dutch shel, Icel. skel, Goth. skalja a tile, and Eng. skill. Related to Scale of fishes, Shale, Skill.
1. A rigid covering that envelops an object.
2. The exterior covering of a bird's egg; SYN. eggshell.
3. The hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts.
4. The outer covering or housing of something; SYN. case, casing.
5. A very light narrow racing boat; SYN. racing shell.
The hard outer covering of a wide variety of invertebrates. The covering is usually mineralized, normally with large amounts of calcium. The shell of birds' eggs is also largely made of calcium.
Trade name of the Anglo-Dutch oil-development and exploration concern Royal Dutch/Shell Group, one of the world's biggest companies, formed 1907.
Shell is the world's largest oil and gas producer, with the largest oil reserves, and is responsible for 5% of the world's oil and gas production. It has 2,000 operating companies worldwide. It is also the world's largest retailer, with (1994) 40,000 gasoline stations in 100 countries. Its sales turnover in 1992 amounted to more than the gross national product of any country except the 23 richest.
The company abandoned plans to dump a disused oil-storage platform in the north Atlantic Ocean June 1995 in the face of widespread protests spearheaded by the environmentalist group Greenpeace.
The business originated in the early 19th century with a curio shop in E London that sold shell ornaments; by 1830 the dealer, Marcus Samuel, had built up an international trade in copra and oriental artifacts. From 1897 the company dealt in oil and kerosene (paraffin oil) and was consolidated as the Shell Transport and Trading Company, amalgamating with the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company 1907.