Vinčester disk | srpsko - engleski prevod

Vinčester disk

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Čvrsti disk, godinama su čvrsti diskovi nazivani Vinčester diskovima. Ovaj izraz nema nikave veze sa bilo kojom firmom koja se zove Vinčester, a koja je pravila čvrste diskove. Izraz se odnosi na prvi IBM-ov čvrsti disk koji je imao kapacitet od 30 MB na svakoj strani. Pošto je uređaj bio 30-30, ljudi su ga nazvali Vinčester disk po poznatoj Vinčester pušci. Do sredine osamdesetih godina, čvrsti diskovi često su nazivani Vinčester diskovi. Danas se oni jednostavno zovu čvrsti diskovi, prosto i jednostavno. Pogledajte i hard disk.

1. hard disk


In computing, a storage device consisting of a rigid metal disk coated with a magnetic material. Data are read from and written to the disk by means of a unit called a disk drive. The hard disk may be permanently fixed into the drive or in the form of a disk pack that can be removed and exchanged with a different pack. Hard disks vary from large units with capacities of over 3,000 megabytes, intended for use with mainframe computers, to small units with capacities as low as 20 megabytes, intended for use with microcomputers.
A device containing one or more inflexible platters coated with material in which data can be recorded magnetically, together with their read/write heads, the head-positioning mechanism, and the spindle motor in a sealed case that protects against outside contaminants. The protected environment allows the head to fly 10 to 25 millionths of an inch above the surface of a platter rotating typically at 3600 to 7200 rpm; therefore, much more data can be stored and accessed much more quickly than on a floppy disk. Most hard disks contain from two to eight platters. See the illustration. Also called: hard disk drive. Compare floppy disk. hard-disk

2. Winchester disk


An early IBM name for a hard disk. The term is derived from IBM’s internal code name for its first hard disk, which stored 30 megabytes (MB) and had a 30-millisecond access time, reminding its inventors of a Winchester .30-caliber rifle known as a “.30-.30.”

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