ETYM French habileté, earlier spelling habilité (with silent h), Latin habilitas aptitude, ability, from habilis apt. Related to Able.
1. Possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done; SYN. power.
2. The quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment.
ETYM Latin acumen, from acuere to sharpen. Related to Acute.
Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination.
Quickness to perceive; shrewdness.
1. An aptitude that may be developed; SYN. capableness, potentiality.
2. The quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally; SYN. capableness.
3. The susceptibility of something to a particular treatment; SYN. capacity.
ETYM Latin capacitus, from capax, capacis; from French capacité. Related to Capacious.
(volume) Alternative term for volume, generally used to refer to the amount of liquid or gas that may be held in a container. Units of capacity include liter and milliliter (metric); pint and gallon (imperial).
1. Ability to perform or produce.
2. The power to learn or retain knowledge; SYN. mental ability.
3. A specified function.
4. The amount that can be contained; SYN. content.
5. The maximum production possible.
This word is used in names of quantities which express the relative amount of some quantity with respect to a another quantity upon which it depends. For example, heat capacity is dU/dT, where U is the internal energy and T is the temperature. Electrical capacity, or capacitance is another example: C = |dQ/dV|, where Q is the magnitude of charge on each capacitor plate and V is the potential diference between the plates.
ETYM Latin dexteritas, from dexter: cf. French dextérité. Related to Dexter.
Adroitness in using the hands; SYN. manual dexterity, sleight.
1. Skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort.
2. The ratio of the output to the input of any system.
Output of a machine (work done by the machine) divided by the input (work put into the machine), usually expressed as a percentage. Because of losses caused by friction, efficiency is always less than 100%, although it can approach this for electrical machines with no moving parts (such as a transformer).
Since the mechanical advantage, or force ratio, is the ratio of the load (the output force) to the effort (the input force), and the velocity ratio is the distance moved by the effort divided by the distance moved by the load, for certain machines the efficiency can also be defined as the mechanical advantage divided by the velocity ratio.
Competency or capability of performance. Producing desired change with little waste of money, resources, time, etc.
ETYM French faculté, Latin facultas, from facilis easy (cf. facul easily), from fecere to make. Related to Fact, Facility.
Talent; capability; branch of study and its students in university; governing body of university or college; body of teachers and administrators in a university; Ecclesiastical, permission to add to or alter fabric of church.
Biology, able to exist in different forms and conditions.
One of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind; SYN. mental faculty, module.
ETYM AS. meaht, miht, from the root of magan to be able, Eng. may; akin to Dutch magt, OS. maht, German macht, Icel. mâttr, Goth. mahts. Related to May.
Physical strength; SYN. mightiness, power.
ETYM Latin potentia, from potens, -entis, potent. Related to Potent, Potance, Potence, Puissance.
1. Capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects; SYN. effectiveness, strength.
2. The state of being potent; a male's capacity to have sexual intercourse.
ETYM Old Eng. pouer, poer, Old Fren. poeir, pooir, French pouvoir, n and v , from Late Lat. potere, for Latin posse, potesse, to be able, to have power. Related to Possible, Potent, Posse comitatus.
1. Possession of controlling influence; SYN. powerfulness, potency.
2. One possessing or exercising power or influence or authority; SYN. force.
3. (Physics) The rate of doing work; measured in watts (joules/second).
ETYM Cf. French qualification. Related to Qualify.
1. An attribute that fits a person for something:.
2. The act of modification or changing the strength of some idea.
ETYM French ressource, from Old Fren. ressourdre, resourdre, to spring forth or up again; pref. re- re- + sourdre to spring forth. Related to Source.
1. A source of aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed.
2. Available source of wealth; a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed.
3. The ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems; SYN. resourcefulness, imagination.
ETYM Icel. skil a distinction, discernment; akin to skilja to separate, divide, distinguish, Swed. skilja. skille to separate, skiel reason, right, justice, Swed. skäl reason, Lith. skelli to cleave. Related to Shell, Shoal, a multitude.
1. Ability to produce solutions in some problem domain; SYN. science.
2. An ability that has been acquired by training; SYN. accomplishment, acquirement, acquisition, attainment.
ETYM Cf. French solubilité.
In physics, a measure of the amount of solute (usually a solid or gas) that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent (usually a liquid) at a particular temperature. Solubility may be expressed as grams of solute per 100 grams of solvent or, for a gas, in parts per million (ppm) of solvent.
1. The quality of being soluble.
2. The quantity of a particular substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution).
The ability to meet maturing obligations as they come due.
State of a business when its current assets exceed its current liabilities, in other words, when it has positive net current assets or positive working capital. This means that it has enough liquid assets to pay off its debts in the short term.
ETYM From starch stiff, cf. German stärke, from stark strong.
Widely distributed, high-molecular-mass carbohydrate, produced by plants as a food store; main dietary sources are cereals, legumes, and tubers, including potatoes. It consists of varying proportions of two glucose polymers (polysaccharides): straight-chain (amylose) and branched (amylopectin) molecules.
Purified starch is a white powder used to stiffen textiles and paper and as a raw material for making various chemicals. It is used in the food industry as a thickening agent. Chemical treatment of starch gives rise to a range of “modified starches” with varying properties. Hydrolysis (splitting) of starch by acid or enzymes generates a variety of “glucose syrups” or “liquid glucose” for use in the food industry. Complete hydrolysis of starch with acid generates the monosaccharide glucose only. Incomplete hydrolysis or enzymic hydrolysis yields a mixture of glucose, maltose and non-hydrolyzed fractions called dextrins.
A link was identified 1994 between a diet low in starch and cancer of the colon.
1. A feculent contained various plants, being a store of energy.
2. A solution made with this feculent and used to stiffen fabric.
A complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers for paper.
ETYM Old Eng. strengthe, as. strengthu, from strang strong. Related to Strong.
1. The condition of financial success.
2. The property of being physically or mentally strong.
1. A state of arrangement or appearance:; SYN. trimness.
2. Attitude of an aircraft in flight when allowed to take its own orientation.
3. Cutting down to the desired size or shape; SYN. trimming, clipping.
1. The art or practices of a wizard; sorcery
2. A seemingly magical transforming power or influence
3. Great skill or cleverness in an activity