1. A Slavic language spoken in Bulgaria.
2. A native or inhabitant of Bulgaria.
Member of an ethnic group living mainly in Bulgaria. There are 8–8.5 million speakers of Bulgarian, a Slavic language belonging to the Indo-European family. The Bulgarians use the Cyrillic alphabet.
Known in E Europe since the 6th century AD, the Bulgarians were unified under Kurt or Kubrat in the 7th century. In 864 Boris I adopted the Eastern Orthodox faith. Between 1018 and 1185 the Bulgarians were ruled by the Byzantines, and between 1396 and 1878 by the Ottomans.