Type of long-necked bass lute (archlute) incorporating freely vibrating bass strings which are twice the length (sounding an octave lower) of up to seven double courses of manually stopped strings, used in Renaissance and early Baroque ensembles to provide a firm and resonant bass line.
A stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers.
Ancient Greek musical instrument like a lyre.
Ancient lyrelike stringed musical instrument.
Ancient musical instrument resembling a lyre but with a flat back. It was strung with wire and plucked with a plectrum or (after the 16th century) with the fingers. The bandurria and laud, still popular in Spain, are instruments of the same type.
Lute; cithera; zither, etc.
A Renaissance stringed instrument like a guitar with a flat pear-shaped body, cittern, cithern
Plucked stringed instrument, usually of almond shape, with a flat back. It originated about 1500, is easy to play, and was a popular alternative to the lute. Larger forms include the pandora and the orpharion. It was superseded in the 19th century by the guitar.
ETYM Italian dolcemele,r Spanish dulcemele, from Latin dulcis sweet + melos song, melody, Greek; cf. Old Fren. doulcemele. Related to Dulcet, and Melody.
1. A stringed instrument used in American folk music; an elliptical body and a fretted fingerboard and three strings.
2. A trapezoidal zither whose metal strings are struck with light hammers.
Music, percussion instrument consisting of graduated strings stretched over a sounding board and struck with hammers.
Musical instrument, a form of zither, consisting of a shallow open trapezoidal soundbox across which strings are stretched laterally; they are horizontally struck by lightweight hammers or beaters. It produces clearly-differentiated pitches of consistent quality and is more agile and wide-ranging in pitch than the harp or lyre. In Hungary the dulcimer, or cimbalon, is in current use.
Of Middle Eastern origin, the dulcimer spread into Europe about 1100 and was introduced to China and Korea about 1800. Examples include the Iraqi santir, Chinese yang shin, Russian chang, Korean yangum, and Swiss hackbrett.
Also an oval-shaped stringed instrument of the Appalachian Mountains that is played in the lap or on a surface by plucking the strings with a quill or plectrum.
Cithara, an ancient Greek stringed instrument similar to but larger than the lyre and having a box-shaped resonator.
17th-century double-necked lute.
Bass lute or archlute developed around 1500 and incorporating dual sets of strings, a set of freely vibrating bass strings for plucking with the thumb in addition to five to seven courses over a fretted fingerboard. It survived to form part of the Italian Baroque orchestra about 1700.
One who plays a stringed musical instrument called a zither