# Prevod reči: Šuma

## Smer prevoda: srpski > engleski

### suma [ ženski rod ]

Zbir, iznos, ishod sabiranja; svota (novca); fig. mnoštvo, množina.

#### addition [ imenica ]

ETYM French addition, Latin additio, from addere to add.

A component that is added to something to improve it; SYN. improver.

A quantity that is added; SYN. increase, gain.

A suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area.

The act of adding one thing to another.

In arithmetic, the operation of combining two numbers to form a sum; thus, 7 + 4 = 1It is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic (the others are subtraction, multiplication, and division).

#### amount [ imenica ]

1 The total number or quantity; aggregate; the quantity at hand or under consideration

The whole effect, significance, or import

A principal sum and the interest on it'usage Number is regularly used with count nouns while amount is mainly used with mass nouns. The use of amount with count nouns has been frequently criticized; it usually occurs when the number of things is thought of as a mass or collection or when money is involved

How much of something is available

#### cover [ imenica ]

Fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on one's own individuals or formations; SYN. covering fire.

The act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it; SYN. covering, screening, masking.

#### entirety [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Fren. entiereté. Related to Integrity.

The state of being total; SYN. entireness, totality.

#### number [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Eng. nombre, French nombre, Latin numerus.

A numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification; SYN. identification number.

A concept of quantity derived from zero and units.

An item of merchandise offered for sale.

The property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals; SYN. figure.

A select company of people.

(Linguistics) The grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural).

(Informal) A clothing measurement.

Symbol used in counting or measuring. In mathematics, there are various kinds of numbers. The everyday number system is the decimal (“proceeding by tens”) system, using the base ten. Real numbers include all rational numbers (integers, or whole numbers, and fractions) and irrational numbers (those not expressible as fractions). Complex numbers include the real and imaginary numbers (real-number multiples of the square root of -1). The binary number system, used in computers, has two as its base. The natural numbers, and give a counting system that, in the decimal system, continues 1111and so on. These are whole numbers (integers), with fractions represented as, for example, Ľ, ˝, ľ, or as decimal fractions (0.20.0.75). They are also rational numbers. Irrational numbers cannot be represented in this way and require symbols, such as Öp, and e. They can be expressed numerically only as the (inexact) approximations 1.413.14and 2.7(to three places of decimals) respectively. The symbols p and e are also examples of transcendental numbers, because they (unlike Öcannot be derived by solving a polynomial equation (an equation with one variable quantity) with rational coefficients (multiplying factors). Complex numbers, which include the real numbers as well as imaginary numbers, take the general form a + bi, where i = Ö-1 (that is, i2 = -1), and a is the real part and bi the imaginary part.

Evolution of number systems.

The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Babylonians all evolved number systems, although none had a zero, which was introduced from India by way of Arab mathematicians in about the 8th century ad and allowed a place-value system to be devised on which the decimal system is based. Other number systems have since evolved and have found applications. For example, numbers to base two (binary numbers), using only 0 and are commonly used in digital computers to represent the two-state “on” or “off” pulses of electricity. Binary numbers were first developed by German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz in the late 17th century.

Defining types of numbers.

Concepts such as negative number, rational number, and irrational number can be rigorously and precisely defined in terms of the natural numbers. There remains then the problem of defining the natural numbers. A modern approach defines the natural numbers in terms of sets. Zero is defined to be the empty set: 0 = Ć (i.e. the set with no elements). Then 1 is defined to be the union of 0 and the set that consists of 0 (which is a set with 1 element, zero). Now we can define 2 as the union of 1 and the set containing 1 (which is a set containing 2 elements, zero and one), and so on.

An alternative procedure for constructing a number system is to define the real numbers in terms of their algebraic and analytical properties.In grammar, the singular and plural forms of nouns, pronouns, and verbs.

#### resultance [ imenica ]

#### resultant [ imenica ]

The final point in a process; SYN. end point.

### šuma [ ženski rod ]

Šumski prostor.

#### boscage [ imenica ]

A growth of trees or shrubs; thicket. thick foliage; woodland

#### boskage [ imenica ]

Boscage. Thicket of trees or shrubs.

#### cover [ imenica ]

Fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on one's own individuals or formations; SYN. covering fire.

The act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it; SYN. covering, screening, masking.

#### covert [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Fren. Related to Covert.

A flock of coots.

#### forest [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Fren. forest, French foręt, Late Lat. forestis, also, forestus, forestum, foresta, prop., open ground reserved for the chase, from Latin foris, foras, out of doors, abroad. Related to Foreign.

Land that is covered with trees and shrubs; SYN. woodland, timberland, timber.

The trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area; SYN. wood, woods.

#### vert [ imenica ]

The heraldic colour green.

Green forest vegetation especially when forming cover or providing food for deer.

The right or privilege (as in England) of cutting living wood or sometimes of pasturing animals in a forest.

#### weald [ imenica ]

ETYM AS. Related to Wold.

(Brit) An area of open or forested country.

(Homonym: wheeled, wield).

#### wold [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Eng. wold, wald, AS. weald, wald, a wood, forest.

A tract of open rolling country (especially upland).

Open tract of country.

#### wood [ imenica ]

ETYM Old Eng. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu.

(Homonym: would).

A long-shafted golfclub used to hit long shots; originally made with a wooden head; metal woods are now available.

The hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees.

The hard tissue beneath the bark of many perennial plants; it is composed of water-conducting cells, or secondary xylem, and gains its hardness and strength from deposits of lignin. Hardwoods, such as oak, and softwoods, such as pine, have commercial value as structural material and for furniture.

The central wood in a branch or stem is known as heartwood and is generally darker and harder than the outer wood; it consists only of dead cells. As well as providing structural support, it often contains gums, tannins, or pigments which may impart a characteristic color and increased durability. The surrounding sapwood is the functional part of the xylem that conducts water.

The secondary xylem is laid down by the vascular cambium which forms a new layer of wood annually, on the outside of the existing wood and visible as an annual ring when the tree is felled; see dendrochronology.

Commercial wood can be divided into two main types: hardwood, containing xylem vessels and obtained from angiosperms (for example, oak) and softwood, containing only tracheids, obtained from gymnosperms (for example, pine). Although in general softwoods are softer than hardwoods, this is not always the case: balsa, the softest wood known, is a hardwood, while pitch pine, very dense and hard, is a softwood. A superhard wood is produced in wood-plastic combinations (WPC), in which wood is impregnated with liquid plastic (monomer) and the whole is then bombarded with gamma rays to polymerize the plastic.

#### woodlot [ imenica ]

A restricted area of woodland usually privately maintained as a source of fuel, posts, and lumber.

#### woodland [ imenica ]

Land covered with wood or trees; forest; land on which trees are suffered to grow, either for fuel or timber.

Area in which trees grow more or less thickly; generally smaller than a forest. Temperate climates, with four distinct seasons a year, tend to support a mixed woodland habitat, with some conifers but mostly broad-leaved and deciduous trees, shedding their leaves in autumn and regrowing them in spring. In the Mediterranean region and parts of the southern hemisphere, the trees are mostly evergreen.

Temperate woodlands grow in the zone between the cold coniferous forest and the tropical forests of the hotter climates near the equator. They develop in areas where the closeness of the sea keeps the climate mild and moist.

Old woodland can rival tropical rainforest in the number of species it supports, but most of the species are hidden in the soil. A study in Oregon, US 19found that the soil in a single woodland location contained 8,0arthropod species (such as insects, mites, centipedes, and millipedes), compared with only 1species of reptile, bird, and mammal in the forest above.

Woodlands contains a large number of plant and animal species, each one occupying its own niche in the environment. The trees are the dominant species which form the uppermost layer and determine the character of the wood. Sometimes a single species dominates, as in a pine or beech wood, but there is often a mixture of two or more co-dominants as in a mixed oak and ash wood. Beneath the tree canopy there is frequently a layer of shrubs and beneath these the herbs. Woodland herbs grow in shady conditions and are adapted in various ways to make the best possible use of the available sunlight. The woodland floor provides moist conditions in which mosses and liverworts thrive and many fungi grow in the soil or on rotting wood. The trees themselves provide habitats for another group including climbing plants, mosses, liverworts, lichens, fungi and microscopic algae. SYN. wood land