Zahlungsunfähigkeit oder Konkurs eines Schuldners.
(zu italien. banco rotto 'zerbrochener Tisch' ), Zahlungsunfähigkeit eines Schuldners gegenüber seinen Gläubigern. Über das verbleibende Vermögen wird der Konkurs eröffnet. Bei einem betrüger. B. erfolgt der Konkurs aus Vorsatz des Unternehmers und wird deshalb strafrechtl. verfolgt.
1. A legal process intended to insure equality among the creditors of a corporation declared in bankruptcy.
2. A state of complete lack of some abstract property.
3. Inability to discharge all ones debts as they come due.
Process by which the property of a person (in legal terms, an individual or corporation) unable to pay debts is taken away under a court order and divided fairly among the person’s creditors, after preferential payments such as taxes and wages. Proceedings may be instituted either by the debtor (voluntary bankruptcy) or by any creditor for a substantial sum (involuntary bankruptcy). Until “discharged”, a bankrupt is severely restricted in financial activities.
Federal law distinguishes between complete bankruptcy and protection of the assets of a legal person for purposes of financial reorganization. This is commonly referred to as Chapter 11 bankruptcy, since it is provided for under Chapter 11 of the federal bankruptcy law, which allows businesses and individuals to continue to operate while reorganizing to pay debts.
1. A collision between vehicles
2. A complete collapse