Period. durchgeführte Totalerhebung der Bevölkerung, ihrer Wohn- und Haushaltssituation, der Bildungsauffächerung, Erwerbstätigkeit, Einkommensschichtung u.a. zur Planungsfortschreibung.
Totalerhebung zur Feststellung der Bev.-Zahl eines Landes u. ihrer Gliederung nach natürl. u. soziodemograph. Merkmalen; meist mit Berufs-, Arbeitsstätten u. Gebäude- bzw. Wohnungszählung verbunden, in der BR Dtld. zuletzt 1987.
ETYM Latin census, from censere. Related to Censor.
A period count of the population; SYN. nosecount.
Official count of the population of a country, originally for military call-up and taxation, later for assessment of social trends as other information regarding age, sex, and occupation of each individual was included. They may become unnecessary as computerized databanks are developed.
The first US census was taken in 1790.
The data collected are used by government departments in planning for the future in such areas as health, education, transport, and housing. Most countries have a census of some sort. In the UK, a census has been conducted every ten years since 1801. Although the information about individual households remains secret for 100 years, data is available on groups of households down to about 200 (an enumeration district), showing such characteristics as age and sex structure, employment, housing types, automobile ownership, and qualifications held. The larger-scale information on population numbers, movements, and origins is published as a series of reports by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. The most recent census took place on 21 April 1991.