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1. morality


ETYM Latin moralitas: cf. French moralité.
Concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong; right or good conduct.
In ethics, a morality can be defined as having three essential components: (1) a community of responsible agents, for morality concerns our behavior toward others and their behavior toward us; (2) a shared set of nonmaterial values, such as fairness, truth, and compassion, the pursuit of which constitutes one aim of community life (this distinguishes a morality from an economic system); (3) a way of life involving a code of behavior (this distinguishes a morality from, say, a set of esthetic values).
Although he accepted that morality requires a community of responsible agents, Immanuel Kant argued that the distinguishing feature of morality is that it involves judgments that conform to a law of reason (the categorical imperative).

2. morals


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