Süßstoff | nemačko - engleski prevod

Süßstoff

muški rod

Süßstoffe sind künstlich hergestellte oder natürliche Substanzen mit einer stärkeren Süßkraft als Haushaltszucker (Saccharose). Süßstoffe besitzen jedoch keinen Brennwert, d.h. sie liefern keine Kalorien (oder Joule).
Sie werden besonders bei Übergewicht und in der Ernährung von Diabetikern eingesetzt, da sie den Blutzuckerspiegel (Blutzucker) nicht belasten.
Im Gegensatz zum Zucker wirken die Süßstoffe nicht kariesfördernd.
Im Handel erhältlich sind Saccharin, Cyclamat, Saccharin-Cyclamat-Mischungen, Aspartam, Acesulfam.

1. saccharin

imenicahemija

ETYM French, from Latin saccharon sugar.
A crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener.
Or ortho-sulfo benzimide; C7H5NO3S sweet, white, crystalline solid derived from coal tar and substituted for sugar. Since 1977 it has been regarded as potentially carcinogenic. Its use is not universally permitted and it has been largely replaced by other sweetening agents.

2. sweetener

imenica

Any chemical that gives sweetness to food. Caloric sweeteners are various forms of sugar; noncaloric, or artificial, sweeteners are used by dieters and diabetics and provide neither energy nor bulk. Questions have been raised about the long-term health effects from several artificial sweeteners.
Sweeteners are used to make highly processed foods attractive, whether sweet or savory. Most of the noncaloric sweeteners do not have E numbers. Some are banned for baby foods and for young children: thaumatin, aspartame, acesulfame-K, sorbitol, and mannitol. Cyclamate is banned in the US and the UK; acesulfame-K is banned in the US.

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