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ženski rodmatematika

Von G. Cantor eingeführter math. Grundbegriff: Eine M. ist die Zusammenfassung von unterscheidbaren Objekten zu einem Ganzen. Die zur M. gehörenden Objekte heißen ihre Elemente. Die M.nlehre untersucht die einzelnen Arten von M.n; es gibt z.B. endliche M. (z.B. die 25 Primzahlen zw. 1 u. 100) u. unendliche M. (z.B. die Punkte innerhalb eines Kreises). Die M.nlehre ermöglichte eine einheitl. Betrachtungsweise vieler math. Gebiete.

1. set


In mathematics, any collection of defined things (elements), provided the elements are distinct and that there is a rule to decide whether an element is a member of a set. It is usually denoted by a capital letter and indicated by curly brackets {}.
For example, L may represent the set that consists of all the letters of the alphabet. The symbol Î stands for “is a member of”; thus p Î L means that p belongs to the set consisting of all letters, and 4 Ď L means that 4 does not belong to the set consisting of all letters. There are various types of sets. A finite set has a limited number of members, such as the letters of the alphabet; an infinite set has an unlimited number of members, such as all whole numbers; an empty or null set has no members, such as the number of people who have swum across the Atlantic Ocean, written as {} or Ć; a single-element set has only one member, such as days of the week beginning with M, written as {Monday}. Equal sets have the same members; for example, if W = {days of the week} and S = {Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday}, it can be said that W = S. Sets with the same number of members are equivalent sets. Sets with some members in common are intersecting sets; for example, if R = {red playing cards} and F = {face cards}, then R and F share the members that are red face cards. Sets with no members in common are disjoint sets. Sets contained within others are subsets; for example, V = {vowels} is a subset of L = {letters of the alphabet}.
Sets and their interrelationships are often illustrated by a Venn diagram.

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ženski rodgramatika

1. amount


1 The total number or quantity; aggregate; the quantity at hand or under consideration
2. The whole effect, significance, or import
3. A principal sum and the interest on it'usage Number is regularly used with count nouns while amount is mainly used with mass nouns. The use of amount with count nouns has been frequently criticized; it usually occurs when the number of things is thought of as a mass or collection or when money is involved
How much of something is available

2. assemblage


Sinonimi: -- Company; group; collection; concourse; gathering; meeting; convention

ETYM Cf. French assemblage. Related to Assemble.
1. The act of assembling, or the state of being; association.
2. A collection of individuals, or of individuals, or of particular things; SYN. -- Company; group; collection; concourse; gathering; meeting; convention.

3. crowd


Sinonimi: crew | gang | bunch

1. A large number of things or people considered together.
2. An informal body of friends; SYN. crew, gang, bunch.

4. deal


ETYM Old Eng. del, deel, part, AS. dael; akin to OS. dęl, Dutch and Dan. deel, German theil, teil, Icel. deild, Swed. del, Goth. dails. Related to Dole.
1. (Card game) The act of distributing playing cards.
2. A particular instance of buying or selling; SYN. trade, business deal.
3. A plank of softwood (fir or pine board).
4. The act of apportioning or distributing something.
5. The type of treatment received (especially as the result of an agreement).

5. heap


ETYM Old Eng. heep, heap, heap, multitude, AS. heáp; akin to OS. hôp, Dutch hoop, Old High Germ. houf, hűfo, German haufe, haufen, Swed. hop, Dan. hob, Icel. hôpr troop, flock, Russ. kupa heap, crowd, Lith. kaupas. Related to Hope, in Forlorn hope.
1. A great number or large quantity of things placed in a disordered pile.
2. A pile or mass; a collection of things laid in a body, or thrown together so as to form mound.

6. host


Sinonimi: legion | innkeeper

In biology, an organism that is parasitized by another. In commensalism, the partner that does not benefit may also be called the host.
1. A person who invites guests to a social event (such as a party in his or her own home) and who is responsible for them while they are there.
2. Any organization that provides resources and facilities for a function or event.
3. Archaic term for army; SYN. legion.
4. The owner or manager of an inn; SYN. innkeeper.
The primary or controlling computer in a multiple part system.

7. lot


ETYM as. hlot; akin to hleótan to cast lots, os. hlôt lot, Dutch lot, German loos, Old High Germ. lôz, Icel. hlutr, Swed. lott, Dan. lod, Goth. hlauts. Related to Allot, Lotto, Lottery.
A parcel of land having fixed boundaries.

8. mass


(Irregular plural: masses).
1. A large body of matter without definite shape.
2. An ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people).
3. The property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field.

9. multitude


Sinonimi: throng | concourse | masses | mass | hoi polloi | people

ETYM French multitude, Latin multitudo, multitudinis, from multus much, many; of unknown origin.
1. A large gathering of people; SYN. throng, concourse.
2. The common people generally; SYN. masses, mass, hoi polloi, people.

10. plenty


Sinonimi: plentifulness | plenteousness | plenitude | plentitude

ETYM Old Eng. plentee, plente, Old Fren. plenté, from Latin plenitas, from plenus full. Related to Full, Complete.
A full supply; SYN. plentifulness, plenteousness, plenitude, plentitude.

11. quantity


ETYM French quantite, Latin quantitas, from quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow, Eng. how, who. Related to Who.
1. An adequate or large amount.
2. Something that has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable.
A number—positive or negative, whole or fractional—that is used to indicate a value.

12. quantum


ETYM Latin, neuter of quantus how great, how much. Related to Quantity.
The smallest discrete amount of any quantity (plural: quanta).
(Irregular plural: quanta).
1. Quantity; amount.
2. The smallest amount by which certain quantities may change. Large, necessary or allotted amount; share; unit of energy in quantum theory. quantum leap, sudden, momentous advance or breakthrough;
3. An amount of something; for example, in physics, a unit of radiant energy.

13. quiverful


14. set


Sinonimi: circle | band | lot | exercise set | readiness

1. The act of putting something in position
2. A group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used:
3. An abstract collection of numbers or symbols
4. An unofficial association of people or groups; SYN. circle, band, lot.
5. Several exercises intended to be done in series; SYN. exercise set.
6. Any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals
7. A unit of play in tennis or squash
8. (Psychology) A temporary readiness to respond in a particular way; SYN. readiness.
9. The descent of a heavenly body below the horizon

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