An iron dovetailed tenon that is made in sections, can be fitted into a dovetail mortise, and is used in hoisting large stones
Carl , Willingborough 1.6.1961, amerikan. Sportler. Bei den Olymp. Spielen 1984, 1988 und 1992 gewann der Leichtathlet L. insges. acht Goldmedaillen in Sprint- und Sprungdisziplinen; mit 9,86 s Weltrekordler über 100 m.
Carl, 1. 7. 1961, US-amerik. Leichtathlet; einer der weltbesten Sprinter u. Weitspringer; errang 1984 vier sowie 1988 u. 92 je zwei olymp. Goldmedaillen.
(Frederick Carlton) (1961-) US track and field athlete who won eight gold medals and one silver in three successive Olympic Games. At the 1984 Olympic Games he equaled the performance of Jesse Owens, winning gold medals in the 100 and 200 meters, 400-meter relay, and long jump.
In the 1988 Olympics, he repeated his golds in the 100 meters and long jump, and won a silver in the 200 meters. Although in the 1992 Olympics he failed to make the US's 100-meter and 200-meter squads, he repeated his success in the long jump and anchored the US's record-breaking 400-meter relay team.
100 meters 1984, 1988
200 meters 1984
400-meter relay 1984, 1992
long jump 1984, 1988, 1992
200 meters 1988
Gilbert Newton, 1875, 1946, US-amerik. Physikochemiker; forschte auf dem Gebiet der chem. Bindungen u. Elektrolyse.
(1875-1946) US theoretical chemist who defined a base as a substance that supplies a pair of electrons for a chemical bond, and an acid as a substance that accepts such a pair. He also set out the electronic theory of valence and in thermodynamics listed the free energies of 143 substances.
Lewis was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, and studied at the University of Nebraska and Harvard University. He worked at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 1905–1912, and spent the rest of his career at the University of California at Berkeley.
In 1916, Lewis began his pioneering work on valence. He postulated that the atoms of elements whose atomic mass is higher than helium's have inner shells of electrons with the structure of the preceding rare gas. The valence electrons lie outside these shells and easily form ionic bonds, preferably covalent bonds. He also drew attention to the unusual properties of molecules that have an odd number of electrons, such as nitric oxide (nitrogen monoxide, NO).
In his later years he carried out studies on the excited electron states of organic molecules, contributing to the understanding of the color of organic substances and the complex phenomena of phosphorescence and fluorescence.
Lewis’s main works were both published 1923: Valence and the Structure of Atoms and Molecules and (with Merle Randall) Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances.
Sinclair, Sauk Center 7.2.1885, +Rom 10.1.1951, amerikan. Schriftsteller. L. schrieb satir.-realist. Gesellschaftsromane und Erzählungen, die den 'American way of life' sarkast. sezieren; u.a. 'Babbitt' (1922), 'Elmer Gantry' (1927).
Harry Sinclair, 1885, 1951, US-amerik. Schriftst.; beschrieb satir. u. gesellschaftskrit. das amerik. Leben; erhielt 1930 (als erster Amerikaner) den Nobelpr. für Lit.
(Harry) (1885-1951) US novelist. He made a reputation with satirical, but sentimental, social documentary novels, principally Main Street 1920, depicting American small-town life; and Babbitt 1922, the story of a real-estate dealer of the Midwest caught in the conventions of his milieu. These were followed by Arrowsmith 1925, a study of the pettiness in medical science; Elmer Gantry 1927, a satiric portrayal of evangelical religion; and Dodsworth 1929, about a US industrialist. He was the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, 1930.
Lewis was born in Sauk Center, Minnesota, and graduated from Yale University. He stayed for a time at Upton Sinclair’s socialist colony in New Jersey, then became a freelance journalist. His other works include It Can’t Happen Here 1935, Cass Timberlane 1945, Kingsblood Royal 1947, and The God-Seeker 1949.
Jerry, 16.3.1926, US-amerik. Filmschauspieler u. Regisseur; spielte meist kom. Rollen: »Der verrückte Professor«, »Which way to the front?«
Adopted name of Joseph Levitch (1926-) US comic actor and director. He worked in partnership with Dean Martin 1946–56; their film debut was in My Friend Irma 1949. He was revered as a solo performer by French critics (“Le Roi du Crazy”), but films that he directed such as The Nutty Professor 1963 were less well received in the US. He appeared in a straight role opposite Robert De Niro in The King of Comedy 1982.
John Llewellyn, 1880, 1969, US-amerik. Gewerkschaftsführer; 1920–60 Präs. der amerik. Bergarbeitergewerkschaft; gründete 1938 mit anderen die CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations).
L(lewellyn) (1880-1969) US labor leader. President of the United Mine Workers (UMW) 1920–60, he was largely responsible for the adoption of national mining safety standards in the US. His militancy and the miners' strikes during and after World War II led to President Truman's nationalization of the mines in 1946.
Born in Lucas, Iowa, US, Lewis worked in the coal mines from an early age. He became a regional officer of the United Mine Workers (UMW) and served as its liaison with the American Federation of Labor (AFL) 1911. He helped found the AFL's offshoot, the Congress of Industrial Organizations 1935, which unionized workers in mass-production industries.
(Insel) Größte u. nördl. Insel der schott. Hebriden, 2273 km?, 17 000 Ew.; Hauptort Stornoway.
1. City in Iowa (USA); zip code 51544.
2. City in Kansas (USA); zip code 67552.