ETYM Old Eng. licoris, through old French, from Latin liquiritia, corrupted from glycyrrhiza, Greek glykyrriza; glykys sweet + riza root. Related to Glycerin, Glycyrrhiza, Wort.
1. A black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; SYN. liquorice.
2. Deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots; SYN. liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra.
Perennial European herb Glycyrrhiza glabra, family Leguminosae. The long, sweet root yields an extract which is made into a hard black paste and used in confectionery and medicines.