1. Pièce de théâtre comique.
3. Bluff. J'ai supporté sa comédie.
ETYM French comédie, Latin comoedia, from Greek, a jovial festivity with music and dancing, a festal procession, an ode sung at this procession.
Light and humorous drama with a happy ending.
In the simplest terms, a literary work, usually dramatic, with a happy or amusing ending, as opposed to tragedy. The comic tradition has undergone many changes since its Greek and Roman roots; although some comedies are timeless, such as those of Shakespeare and Moličre, others are very representative of a particular era, relying upon topical allusion and current fashion.
The comic tradition was established by the Greek dramatists Aristophanes and Menander and the Roman writers Terence and Plautus. In medieval times, the Vices and Devil of the Morality plays developed into the stock comic characters of the Renaissance “Comedy of Humors” with such notable villains as Jonson’s Mosca in Volpone. The enduring comedies of Shakespeare and Moličre were followed during the 17th century in England by the witty “Comedy of Manners” of Restoration writers such as Etherege, Wycherley, and Congreve. Their often coarse but always vital comedy was toned down in the later Restoration dramas of Sheridan and Goldsmith. “Sentimental comedy” dominated most of the 19th century in England and the US, although little of it is remembered or revived today. Its close brought the realistic tradition of Shaw and the elegant social comedy of Wilde. “Slapstick comedy” went from the stage to silent films from 1900 to 1930. The sophisticated comedy of Coward and Rattigan from the 1920s to the 1940s was perfor.
Med on stage and in talking films, which also featured “screwball comedy.” These were eclipsed during the 1950s and 1960s by a trend toward satire and cynicism, as seen in the works of Samuel Beckett. In the 1970s “black comedy” was dominant in the US and England, but “situation comedy”, like Neil Simon’s, continued to win audiences of stage, film, and television during the 1970s and 1980s.
Sinonimi: farce comedy | travesty
ETYM French farce, from Latin farsus (also sometimes farctus), p. p. pf farcire. Related to Farce.
A comedy characterized by broad satire and improbable situations; SYN. farce comedy, travesty.
Broad popular comedy involving stereotyped characters in complex, often improbable situations frequently revolving around extramarital relationships (hence the term “bedroom farce”).
Originating in the physical knockabout comedy of Greek satyr plays and the broad humor of medieval religious drama, the farce was developed and perfected during the 19th century by Eugčne Labiche (1815–1888) and Georges Feydeau (1862–1921) in France and Arthur Pinero in England.
ETYM Old Eng. humour, Old Fren. humor, umor, French humeur, Latin humor, umor, moisture, fluid, from humere, umere, to be moist. Related to Humid.
(Alternate spelling: humour).
Medicine, body fluid; skin affection due to blood disorder; archaic, one of four body fluids— blood, phlegm, bile and atrabile—believed to determine health and character.
1. One of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed (in ancient and medieval physiology) to determine one's emotional and physical state; SYN. humour.
2. The quality of being funny; SYN. humour.
3. The trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous; SYN. humour, sense of humor, sense of humour.
Alternate (chiefly British) spelling for humor.
In theater, any play composed to be performed by actors for an audience. The term is also used collectively to group plays into historical or stylistic periods—for example, Greek drama, Restoration drama—as well as referring to the whole body of work written by a dramatist for performance. Drama is distinct from literature in that it is a performing art open to infinite interpretation, the product not merely of the dramatist but also of the collaboration of director, designer, actors, and technical staff. See also comedy, tragedy, mime, and pantomime.