A group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces; Also called: Canaries.
(Spanish Canarias) Group of volcanic islands 100 km/60 mi off the NW coast of Africa, forming the Spanish provinces of Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife; area 7,300 sq km/2,818 sq mi; features The chief centers are Santa Cruz on Tenerife (which also has the highest peak in extracontinental Spain, Pico de Teide, 3,713 m/12,186 ft), and Las Palmas on Gran Canaria. The province of Santa Cruz comprises Tenerife, Palma, Gomera, and Hierro; the province of Las Palmas comprises Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, and Fuerteventura. There are also six uninhabited islets. The Northern Hemisphere Observatory (1981) is on the island of La Palma. Observation conditions are exceptionally good because there is no moisture, no artificial light pollution, and little natural airglow.
The Organization of African Unity (OAU) supports an independent Guanch Republic and revival of the Guanch language.