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pancreas

imenicaanatomija

ETYM New Lat., from Greek; pan all + kreas flesh, meat: cf. French pancréas.
Large digestive gland behind stomach; sweetbread.
In vertebrates, an accessory gland of the digestive system located close to the duodenum. When stimulated by the hormone secretin, it releases enzymes into the duodenum that digest starches, proteins, and fats. In humans, it is about 18 cm/7 in long, and lies behind and below the stomach. It contains groups of cells called the islets of Langerhans, which secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon that regulate the blood sugar level.
A large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin.

1. gušterača

ženski rodanatomija

Pankreas, žlezda sa spoljnim i unutrašnjim lučenjem, pridodata organima za varenje. Nalazi se iza želuca, priljubljena vodorovano uz zadnji trbušni zid. Na njoj se razlikuju glava, telo i rep. Glavu obuhvata krivina dvanaestopalačnog creva. Težina žlezde iznosi 70 do 90 grama. Kroz gušteraču prolazi kanal, koji sabira manje kanale, a uliva se u dvanaestopolačno crevo. Ovim kanalom izliva se pankreasni sok koji luče naročite ćelije sabrane u tvorevine nalik na meškove. Između meškova nalaze se posebne ćelije, raspoređene u vidu ostrvaca, čiji je zadatak lučenje insulina.

2. pankreas

muški rodanatomija

Gušterača, podželudačna žlezda. (grč.)

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