Growing of one agricultural crop only
Farming system where only one crop is grown. In Third World countries this is often a cash crop, grown on plantations, for example, sugar and coffee. Cereal crops in the industrialized world are also frequently grown on a monoculture basis; for example, wheat in the Canadian prairies.
Monoculture allows the farmer to tailor production methods to the requirements of one crop, but it is a high-risk strategy since the crop may fail (because of pests, disease, or bad weather) and world prices for the crop may fall. Monoculture without crop rotation is likely to result in reduced soil quality despite the addition of artificial fertilizers, and it contributes to soil erosion.
Obdelavanje samo jedne vrste useva u nekoj zemlji, koja je njena glavna privredna grana (npr. gajenje kafe u Braziliji). Nezgoda ovog sistema je u tome što, u slučaju rđave žetve, narod ostaje bez izvora za podmirenje svojih potreba; podizanje i negovanje samo jedne vrste nasada, npr. bukova šuma, hrastova šuma i sl.; supr. polikultura. (grč.)