System of work where a task is split into several parts and done by different workers. For example, on an automobile assembly line, one worker will fit doors, another will make the engine block, and another will work in the paint shop. The division of labor is an example of specialization. The separation of tasks in processing or producing goods, especially in industrial or factory settings, but also in traditional societies where males and females perform gender-related tasks (a sexual division of labor). See also factory system.