Spanish term for leader, often used for a dictator, which originated during the independence movement in Latin America 1808–26.
At that time civilian institutions were in decline and soldiers, or 'men on horseback', controlled the political system in addition to fighting battles. Post-independence conflicts and wars between neighbor states such as Peru and Colombia sustained caudillismo. Later it described military strongmen of particular nations who were born in Spain and Latin America, such as Juan Domingo Perón in Argentina or Francisco Franco in Spain.
Vođa, titula španskog dikatatora generala Franka, koji je vladao dugi niz godina pošto je pobedio u kontrarevolucionarnom ratu (1936-1939); up. duče, firer. (šp.)