An island in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa; part of the United Republic of Tanzania.
Island region of Tanzania
Area 1,658 sq km/640 sq mi (80 km/50 mi long)
Towns and cities Zanzibar
Industries cloves, copra
History settled by Arab traders in the 7th century; occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century; became a sultanate in the 17th century; under British protection 1890–1963. Together with the island of Pemba, some nearby islets, and a strip of mainland territory, it became a republic 1963. It merged with Tanganyika as Tanzania 1964.
Ostrvo u Africi, Tanzanija.