Genre of films based loosely on the history of the American West and evolved from the written Western. As a genre, the Western is virtually as old as the cinema. Italian “spaghetti Westerns” and Japanese Westerns established it as an international form. The genre became less popular in the 1970s. There have been only four commercially successful films since then: Pale Rider 1985, Young Guns 1988, and the Academy Award-winners Dances with Wolves 1990 and Unforgiven 1992.
A memorable early example is The Great Train Robbery 1903. The silent era produced such epics as The Iron Horse 1924, and the genre remained popular into the coming of sound. The 1930s saw many epics, such as Union Pacific 1939, whereas the 1940s often dwelt on specific historical events (including Custer’s last stand in They Died With Their Boots On 1941). The 1950s brought more realism and serious issues, such as the treatment of the Indians. The Westerns of the 1960s contained an increased amount of violence, partly owing to the influence of the “spaghetti Westerns” (often directed by Sergio Leone).
Roman, film ili strip koji na idealizovano-avanturistički način obrađje teme u vezi osvajanja zapadnih oblasti Severne Amerike.
Film o divljem zapadu, žanr filmova smešten na Divljem Zapadu Amerike.