A state containing the western third of Australia.
State of Australia
area 2,525,500 sq km/974,843 sq mi
towns and cities main port Fremantle, Bunbury, Geraldton, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Albany
features largest state in Australia; Monte Bello Islands; rivers Fitzroy, Fortescue, Gascoyne, Murchison, Swan; NW coast subject to hurricanes (willy-willies); Lasseter’s Reef
industries wheat, fresh and dried fruit, meat and dairy products, natural gas (northwest shelf) and oil (Canning Basin), iron (the Pilbara), copper, nickel, uranium, gold, diamonds
history a short-lived convict settlement at King George Sound 1826; first non-convict settlement founded at Perth 1829 by Capt James Stirling (1791–1865); self-government 1890; became a state 1901.