1. A state in the Deep South; one of the original 13 colonies; Also called: Palmetto State.
2. One of the British colonies that formed the United States.
State in SE US; nicknamed Palmetto State
area 80,600 sq km/31,112 sq mi
towns Charleston, Greenville-Spartanburg
features large areas of woodland; subtropical climate in coastal areas; the Grand Strand, a resort area with 89 km/55 mi of beach, including Huntington Beach and Myrtle Beach state parks, Pewley’s Island, and Hilton Head Island; semitropical islands including Kiawah, Seabrook, and Isle of Palms; Frances Marion national forest; plantations, including Magnolia Plantation and Gardens (begun 1686, with a large collection of azaleas and camellias), Boone Hall Plantation (1681, with the original slave quarters, reputedly the inspiration for Tara in the film version of Gone with the Wind, Hampton Plantation state park, and Hopsewee Plantation; Rice Museum at Georgetown, the center of the rice plantation area; Charleston, with Greek Revival buildings (including St John’s Lutheran Church, 1817, Congregation Beth Elohim, 1840, and the Edmonston-Alston House, 1828), the French Huguenot Church (the only church in the US still following the original Huguenot liturgy), Nathaniel Russell House (Adam style, 1808), Joseph Man
igault Mansion (1803), St Michael’s Episcopal Church (1761, modeled on the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London), the Gibbes Art Gallery, and the Charleston Museum (1773, the oldest city museum in the US); Beaufort, established 1710, with large 18th- and 19th-century houses, including the John Mark Verdier House (1790) and the George Elliott House (1840); Cowpens national battlefield and Kings Mountain national military park, sites of British defeats; Fort Sumter national monument, where the first shot of the Civil War was fired 12 April 1861; St Helena Island, with the Penn School historic district and the York W Bailey Museum (the school was started during the Civil War as the first school for freed slaves in the South); Patriots Point, Mount Pleasant, the world’s largest naval and maritime museum; Brookgreen Gardens, started 1931 on four former rice plantations, with the largest outdoor collection of US sculpture; Middleton Place, with the oldest landscape gardens in the US (1741); the Spoleto Festiva
l US, founded 1977 by Gian Carlo Menotti as part of his Festival of Two Worlds
industries tobacco, soy beans, lumber, textiles, clothing, paper, wood pulp, chemicals, nonelectrical machinery, primary and fabricated metals
famous people John C Calhoun, “Dizzy” Gillespie, DuBose Heyward, Francis Marion, John B Watson
history explored first by De Gordillo for Spain 1521; Charles I gave the area (known as Carolina) to Robert Heath (1575–1649) in 1629.
The first English settlement was in 1670 at Albemarle Point, but poor conditions drove the settlers to Charles Town (now Charleston). South Carolina, one of the original thirteen states, was the first state to secede from the Union 1860, and the first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, 12 April 1861. Union troops caused widespread destruction in the closing months of the war 1865, including the burning of Columbia. Under Reconstruction, the state was readmitted to the Union 1868, and federal troops left 1877. Tenant farming, or sharecropping, replaced plantation slave labor and, beginning around 1890, tobacco and soy beans replaced rice and cotton as the main crops. Textiles became the state's leading industry after 1900. After 1954, desegregation proceeded very slowly but peaceably. In 1989 Hurricane Hugo devastated coastal areas in the state.
Jedna od SAD, među 13 osnivača.