Small landlocked country within NE Italy.
San Marino has no formal constitution. The single-chamber Great and General Council has 60 members, elected by universal suffrage, by a system of proportional representation, for a five-year term. The council elects two of its members, one representing the capital and one the country, to serve six-month periods as captains-regent. Together they share the duties of head of state and head of government. They preside over a cabinet of ten, elected by the Council for a five-year term, called the Congress of State.
The country is divided into nine “castles”, which correspond to the original nine parishes of the republic. Each castle is governed by a castle captain and an auxiliary council, both serving a one-year term.
San Marino claims to be the world's oldest republic, founded by St Marinus in the 4th century; it is the only city-state to remain after the unification of Italy in the 19th century. It has had a treaty of friendship with Italy since 1862. Women had no vote until 1960.
San Marino’s multiparty system mirrors that of the larger country that surrounds it. Since about 1950 it has been governed by a series of left-wing coalitions; the “grand coalition”, comprising the Communists (PCS) and Christian Democrats (PDCS), was formed July 1986. The PCS changed its name to the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) 1990. The PDCS withdrew from the coalition 1992 and formed an alliance with the Socialist Party (PSS). San Marino became a member of the United Nations 1992. In the May 1993 council elections the PDCS won 24 seats, the PSS 14, and the PDP 11.
1. The capital and only city of San Marino; Also called: capital of San Marino.
2. The smallest republic in the world; the oldest independent country in Europe; located in the Apennines and completely surrounded by Italy.
3. City in California (USA); zip code 91108.
Država u Evropi, na Apeninskom poluostrvu.