1. A self-governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico; Also called: Porto Rico.
2. The smallest and easternmost of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean; Also called: Porto Rico.
The Commonwealth of, Island of the West Indies (known as Porto Rico 1898–1932)
Area 3,475 sq mi/9,000 sq km
Capital San Juan
Cities ports: Mayagüez, Ponce
Features Old San Juan; nightclubs and casinos; rain forest of El Yunque; colonial-style San German; Arecibo Observatory
Industries apparel, textiles, pharmaceuticals, petroleum products, rum, refined sugar, coffee, computers, instruments, office machines, cattle, hogs, milk, cement
Currency us dollar
Population (1990) 3,522,000
Language Spanish and English (official)
Religion Roman Catholic
Government under the constitution of 1952, similar to that of the us, with a governor elected for four years and a legislative assembly with a senate and house of representatives
Famous people Roberto Clemente, José Ferrer, Eugenio María de Hostos, Raul Julia, Rita Moreno, Luís Muńoz Marín
History visited 1493 by Columbus; annexed by Spain 1509; ceded to the us after the Spanish-American War 1898; achieved commonwealth status with local self-government 1952.
This was confirmed in preference to independence by a referendum 1967, but there is both an independence movement and one preferring incorporation as a state of the us. Although legislation in favor of a further referendum was proposed and discussed 1990–91, it was later shelved.
Ostrvska država pridružena SAD-u.