An annual award for outstanding contributions to chemistry or physics or physiology and medicine or literature or economics or peace.
Annual international prize, first awarded 1901 under the will of Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist, who invented dynamite. The interest on the Nobel endowment fund is divided annually among the persons who have made the greatest contributions in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and world peace.
The first four are awarded by academic committees based in Sweden, while the peace prize is awarded by a committee of the Norwegian parliament. A sixth prize, for economics, financed by the Swedish National Bank, was first awarded 1969. The prizes have a large cash award and are given to organizations—such as the United Nations peacekeeping forces, which received the Nobel Peace Prize 1988—as well as individuals.
Zaveštanje koje je svojim testamentom od 27. 11. 1895, ostavio pronalazač dinamita, švedski hemičar Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). On je odredio da se kamate od njegovog imanja (44 miliona franaka) posle njegove smrti dele, kao nagrada, onim velikanima koji su u toku prošle godine najveće zasluge čovečanstvu učinili na polju hemije, fizike, književnosti, medicine i održanja svetskog mira.