(country) Federated States of; Country in the W Pacific Ocean, forming part of the archipelago of the Caroline Islands, 800 km/497 mi E of the Philippines.
The 1979 constitution, incorporating the four states of Kosrae, Yap, Pohnpei, and Chuuk, created a single chamber 14-member federal parliament, the Congress. Each state elects one “senator-at-large” to the Congress for a four-year term, the remaining 10 senators being elected for two years, their seats distributed on a population basis. Each state has its own constitution, governor, and assembly. The federal president is elected by the Congress from among the four “senators-at-large”.
Originally colonized by Spain, the islands were purchased by Germany 1898 and then occupied by Japan during World War I. They were captured by the US in World War II and designated a United Nations trust territory, under US administration, 1947. From 1965 there were demands for greater autonomy and a commission was set up to propose a future political status for the islands. In 1986 a Compact of Free Association with the US came into force, under which the US retained responsibility for the islands' defense and foreign affairs. In Nov 1986 US president Reagan issued a proclamation ending his country's administration of Micronesia, including the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The UN trusteeship arrangement was formally terminated 1990 and the FSM became an independent sovereign state. Diplomatic relations were established with neighboring states and widespread international recognition followed. The FSM became a member of the UN 1991.
Federated States of, The islands in the northwestern part of Oceania.
(group of islands) Group of islands in the Pacific Ocean lying N of Melanesia, including the Federated States of Micronesia, Belau, Kiribati, the Mariana and Marshall Islands, Nauru, and Tuvalu.
Savezna država na zapadu Pacifičkog okeana, blizu Filipina.
Ostrva u Tihom okeanu (1458 ostrva i otočića) (grč.)