St, (French Jeanne d’Arc) (1412-1431) French military leader. In 1429 she persuaded the future Charles VII that she had a divine mission to expel the occupying English from N France (see Hundred Years' War) and secure his coronation. She raised the siege of Orléans, defeated the English at Patay, north of Orléans, and Charles was crowned in Reims. However, she failed to take Paris and was captured in May 1430 by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English, and she was executed.
Joan was born at Domrémy in Lorraine, daughter of a prosperous farmer. She sought out Charles VII, then dauphin, at Chinon, NW France, and assembled a large army. After her success in relieving Orléans, she became known as the Maid of Orléans. She was captured when helping to raise the siege of Compičgne, and imprisoned for four months by the English. Found guilty of witchcraft and heresy by a tribunal of French ecclesiastics who supported the English, she was burned to death at the stake in Rouen 30 May 1431. In 1920 she was canonized.
Devica Orleanka (čije je pravo ime Jeanne d'Arc) jeste popularna francuska narodna junakinja (1412-1431). Toj mladoj seljanki kojoj su "glasovi sa neba" naredili da spase Francusku od engleskih osvajača, kralj Karlo VII (1403-1461) poverio je vođstvo jednog vojnog odreda. Ona je 1492. godine oslobodila opsednuti Orlean, pobedila Engleze kod Pataja, povela kralja na krunisanje u Rejms, ali je pala u ruke domaćim pristalicama engleskog kralja i izručena je Englezima. Crkveni sud ju je osudio na smrt kao krivovernic