Calcutta | englesko - srpski prevod

Calcutta

imenicageografija

1. The largest city in India and one of the largest cities in the world; located in eastern India; suffers from poverty and overcrowding.
2. Unincorporated community in Ohio (USA).
Largest city of India, on the river Hooghly, the westernmost mouth of the river Ganges, some 130 km/80 mi N of the Bay of Bengal.
It is the capital of West Bengal; It is chiefly a commercial and industrial center (engineering, shipbuilding, jute, and other textiles). Calcutta was the seat of government of British India 1773–1912. There is severe air pollution.
features.
Buildings include a magnificent Jain temple, the palaces of former Indian princes; and the Law Courts and Government House, survivals of the British Raj. Across the river is Howrah, and between Calcutta and the sea there is a new bulk cargo port, Haldia, which is the focus of oil refineries, petrochemical plants, and fertilizer factories.
There is a fine museum; educational institutions include the University of Calcutta (1857), oldest of several universities; the Visva Bharati at Santiniketan, founded by Rabindranath Tagore; and the Bose Research Institute.
history.
Calcutta was founded 1686–90 by Job Charnock of the East India Company as a trading post. Captured by Suraj-ud-Dowlah 1756, during the Anglo-French wars in India, in 1757 it was retaken by Robert Clive.

1. Kalkuta

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