1. A member of an Iroquoian people formerly living in the Appalachian Mountains but now chiefly in Oklahoma.
2. The Iroquoian language spoken by the Cherokee people.
The Native American people, formerly living in the S Allegheny Mountains of North America, what is now Alabama, the Carolinas, Georgia, and Tennessee. Their scholarly leader Sequoyah (c. 1770–1843) devised the syllabary used for writing their language, which belongs to the Macro-Siouan family.
In 1829 they were transported to a reservation in Oklahoma by forced march, known as the Trail of Tears, by order of President Andrew Jackson as a punishment for aiding the British during the American Revolution. They now live mainly in North Carolina and Oklahoma, where they established their capital at Tahlequah. They sided with Britain against France in North America, and fought against the rebel colonists in the American War of Independence. In 1984, they were permitted to reestablish a tribal center in North Carolina.
Tscherokesen, Stamm der Irokesen-Indianer, urspr. Maispflanzer in den Appalachen, heute in Oklahoma.