ETYM French syndicalisme.
A radical political movement that advocates bringing industry and government under the control of labor unions.
Doctrine of direct worker control of capital.
Political movement in 19th-century Europe that rejected parliamentary activity in favor of direct action, culminating in a revolutionary general strike to secure worker ownership and control of industry. After 1918 syndicalism was absorbed in communism, although it continued to have an independent existence in Spain until the late 1930s.
The idea originated under Robert Owen's influence in the 1830s, acquired its name and its more violent aspects in France from the philosopher Georges Sorel, and also reached the us (see Industrial Workers of the World).