Activities pursued for exercise or pleasure, performed individually or in a group, often involving the testing of physical capabilities and usually taking the form of a competitive game.
Many sports can be traced to ancient Egyptian or Greek times. Coursing was believed to have taken place in Egypt in 3000 BC, using Saluki dogs. Wrestling took place in what is now Iraq more than 4,000 years ago; a form of hockey was played in Egypt about 2050 BC; and falconry, boxing, track and field athletics, and fencing were all played more than 4,000 years ago.
The real development of the majority of sports as competitions, rather than pastimes, was in the 18th and 19th centuries, when sports such as baseball, soccer, cricket, rugby, golf, tennis, and many more became increasingly popular. The traditional sports have changed very little over the years but televised events have led to more and more competitions.