Auick Italian baroque dance involving running steps; 17th century French court dance. Initially fast in tempo, with an emphasis on mime, it later became codified in a much slower and graver form. It was a favorite dance of Louis XIV. The music for the dance formed one of the standard movements of a Baroque suite. The Italian courante is in quick triple time (3/8 or 3/4), with continuous “running” figures in the melody. The French courante is in a more moderate triple time (3/2) or compound duple time (6/4), and often exploits the rhythmic disruption of changing from one meter to the other. Bach uses this variety in the courantes of his famous French Suites c. 1722.