clay mineral | engleski leksikon

clay mineral

imenicamineral
/ ˈkleɪ ˈmɪnərəl /

Definicija:

One of a group of hydrous silicate minerals that form most of the fine-grained particles in clays. Clay minerals are normally formed by weathering or alteration of other silicates. Virtually all have sheet silicate structures similar to the micas. They exhibit the following useful properties: loss of water on heating, swelling and shrinking in different conditions, cation exchange with other media, and plasticity when wet. Examples are kaolinite, illite, and montmorillonite.
Kaolinite Al2Si2O5(OH)4 is a common white clay mineral derived from alteration of aluminum silicates, especially feldspars. Illite contains the same constituents as kaolinite, plus potassium, and is the main mineral of clay sediments, mudstones, and shales; it is a weathering product of feldspars and other silicates. Montmorillonite contains the constituents of kaolinite plus sodium and magnesium; along with related magnesium-and iron-bearing clay minerals, it is derived from alteration and weathering of basic igneous rocks. Kaolinite (the mineral name for kaolin or china clay) is economically important in the ceramic and paper industries. Illite, along with other clay minerals, may also be used in ceramics. Montmorillonite is the chief constituent of fuller’s earth, and is also used in drilling muds (muds used to cool and lubricate drilling equipment). Vermiculite (similar to montmorillonite) will expand on heating to produce a material used in insulation.

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27.09.2022.