Elizabeth Barrett 1806-1861 wife of Robert English poet
(1812-1889) English poet. He was married to Elizabeth Barrett Browning. His work is characterized by the use of dramatic monologue and an interest in obscure literary and historical figures. It includes the play Pippa Passes 1841 and the poems ‘The Pied Piper of Hamelin’ 1842, ‘My Last Duchess’ 1842, ‘Home Thoughts from Abroad’ 1845, and ‘Rabbi Ben Ezra’ 1864.
Browning, born in Camberwell, London, wrote his first poem ‘Pauline’ 1833 under the influence of Shelley; it was followed by ‘Paracelsus’ 1835 and ‘Sordello’ 1840. From 1837 he achieved moderate success with his play Strafford and several other works. In the pamphlet series of Bells and Pomegranates 1841–46, which contained Pippa Passes, Dramatic Lyrics 1842, and Dramatic Romances 1845, he included the dramas King Victor and King Charles, Return of the Druses, and Colombe’s Birthday. In 1846 he met Elizabeth Barrett; they married the same year and went to Italy. There he wrote Christmas Eve and Easter Day 1850 and Men and Women 1855, the latter containing some of his finest love poems and dramatic monologues, which were followed by Dramatis Personae 1864 and The Ring and the Book 1868–69, based on an Italian murder story. After his wife’s death 1861 Browning settled in England and enjoyed an established reputation, although his later works, such as Red-Cotton Night-Cap Country 1873, Dramatic Idylls 1879–80, a
nd Asolando 1889, prompted opposition by their rugged obscurity of style.
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2. A smooth coat of brown mortar, usually the second coat, and the preparation for the finishing coat of plaster.
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