F(erdinand) (1877-1953) US Democratic senator 1927–49, a leading figure in the development of welfare provision in the US, especially in the New Deal era. He helped draft much new legislation, including the National Industrial Recovery Act 1933, the Social Security Act 1936, and the National Labor Relations Act 1935, known as the Wagner Act.(1910-1991) US politician, mayor of New York City 1954–65. He demolished slum areas, built public housing, and was instrumental in introducing members of ethnic minorities into City Hall.
(1841-1918) Viennese architect. Initially working in the Art Nouveau style, for example the Vienna Stadtbahn 1894–97, he later rejected ornament for Rationalism, as in the Post Office Savings Bank, Vienna, 1904–06. He influenced such Viennese architects as Josef Hoffmann, Adolf Loos, and Joseph Olbrich.
(John Peter) (1874-1955) US baseball player. He had an impressive lifetime batting average of .329. In addition to his fielding skills, he was a great runner; his career record of 722 stolen bases won him the nickname “the Flying Dutchman”.
Born in Mansfield, Pennsylvania, US, Wagner began his professional baseball career 1895 and was signed as a shortstop by the Louisville club of the National League 1897. He was acquired by the Pittsburgh Pirates 1899 and remained there until his retirement 1917.
Wagner was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame 1936.
The music of Wagner.
(1813-1883) German opera composer. He revolutionized the 19th-century conception of opera, envisaging it as a wholly new art form in which musical, poetic, and scenic elements should be unified through such devices as the leitmotif. His operas include Tannhäuser 1845, Lohengrin 1848, and Tristan und Isolde 1865. In 1872 he founded the Festival Theatre in Bayreuth; his masterpiece Der Ring des Nibelungen/The Ring of the Nibelung, a sequence of four operas, was first performed there 1876. His last work, Parsifal, was produced 1882.
Wagner’s early career was as director of the Magdeburg Theatre, where he unsuccessfully produced his first opera Das Liebesverbot/Forbidden Love 1836. He lived in Paris 1839–42 and conducted the Dresden Opera House 1842–48. He fled Germany to escape arrest for his part in the 1848 revolution, but in 1861 he was allowed to return. He won the favor of Ludwig II of Bavaria 1864 and was thus able to set up the Festival Theatre in Bayreuth. The Bayreuth tradition was continued by his wife Cosima (Liszt’s daughter, whom he married after her divorce from Hans von Bülow); by his son Siegfried Wagner (1869–1930), a composer of operas such as Der Bärenhäuter; and by later descendants.
City in South Dakota (USA); zip code 57380.