(1921-) Indonesian politician and general, president from 1967. Formerly Chief of Staff under Sukarno, he dealt harshly with a left-wing attempt to unseat his predecessor and then assumed power himself. He ended confrontation with Malaysia, invaded East Timor 1975, and reached a cooperation agreement with Papua New Guinea 1979. His authoritarian rule has met with domestic opposition from the left. He was reelected 1973, 1978, 1983, 1988, and 1993.